THE LEARNING CENTER

BannerFans.com
 
HomeHome  PortailPortail  FAQFAQ  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  Log in  
TIME IS MONEY
Top posters
HAMADA (855)
 
BRIM (169)
 
boualem02 (92)
 
sasuna (50)
 
tanita (44)
 
razane (26)
 
Nacerlarbi (23)
 
tanita- (17)
 
houari-1969 (12)
 
mayssa (11)
 
Keywords
time texts teacher talk Plenty INTEGRATED focus tests scripts book yearly touchstone anglais letter listening reading FILE audio
Search
 
 

Display results as :
 
Rechercher Advanced Search
Guest Welcome
Most Viewed Topics
Inscription au BEM 2013 التسجيلات لشهادة التعليم المتوسط
Very usefull docs from Algerian Secondary School Teachers
http://www.djelfa.info/vb/
RESULTATS DU BEM 2012
First Term English Test (4AM)
من سيربح المليون
FILE PLAN File 02 3AM
First Term Test (Make Peace 2AS)
RESULATS BEM 2015
fiche d'anglais 1.2.3.4
Latest topics
» htt://02english.forumpro.fr
Sat Dec 01, 2018 4:29 pm by HAMADA

» Railway Recruitment India Website
Sun Nov 25, 2018 10:21 am by nehasingh_09

» RPF Constable Admit Card
Sat Nov 24, 2018 12:44 pm by nehasingh_09

» RPF Admit Card 2018
Sat Nov 24, 2018 12:43 pm by nehasingh_09

» 4 MS LISTENING SCRIPTS
Sun Nov 04, 2018 9:32 pm by rooose9

» plenty of docs for MS1 from CHOUIT ABOUBAKER
Wed Jul 25, 2018 10:36 pm by HAMADA

» plenty of docs for MS2 from CHOUIT ABOUBAKER
Wed Jul 25, 2018 10:35 pm by HAMADA

» plenty of docs for MS3 from CHOUIT ABOUBAKER
Wed Jul 25, 2018 10:35 pm by HAMADA

» plenty of docs for MS4 from CHOUIT ABOUBAKER
Wed Jul 25, 2018 10:34 pm by HAMADA

» First Term Test (Make Peace 2AS)
Tue Nov 07, 2017 6:37 pm by ssalima22

»  YEARLY PLANNING 2013_2014
Mon Nov 06, 2017 11:12 pm by tiziri

» MS4 Suggested Yearly Distribution 2013_2014
Sun Oct 01, 2017 12:17 pm by wahiba

» sending up to 20gb by mail for free
Tue Feb 28, 2017 7:46 pm by HAMADA

» ENGLISH AT WORK 33 VIDEOS
Sun Feb 19, 2017 3:49 pm by HAMADA

» 3 MS LISTENING SCRIPTS
Fri Jan 13, 2017 8:15 pm by MARY

Most active topic starters
HAMADA
 
BRIM
 
boualem02
 
Nacerlarbi
 
tanita
 
houari-1969
 
Solinet
 
bepositive
 
mayssa
 
samfrank321
 
Similar topics

Share | 
 

 ALGERIA

Go down 
AuthorMessage
HAMADA
Administrator
Administrator
avatar

Number of posts : 855
Age : 57
Location : BOUKADER CHLEF
Registration date : 2007-12-17

PostSubject: ALGERIA   Tue Mar 16, 2010 4:12 pm

Algeria


The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco as well as a few kilometers of its annexed territory, Western Sahara, in the west. The name Algeria is derived from the name of the city of Algiers; from the Arabic word al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referring to the four islands which lay off that city's coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525.



Algeria has been inhabited by Berbers (or Amazigh) since at least 10,000 BC. From 1000 BC on, the Carthaginians became an influence on them, establishing settlements along the coast.
Berber kingdoms began to emerge, most notably Numidia, and seized the opportunity offered by the Punic Wars to become independent of Carthage,only to be taken over soon after by the Roman Republic in 200 BC. As the Roman Empire collapsed, the Berbers became independent again in much of the area, while the Vandals took over parts until expelled by Justinian's generals. The Byzantine Empire then retained a precarious grip on the east of the country until the coming of the Arabs in the 8th century.


After some decades of fierce resistance under leaders such as Kusayla and Kahina, the Berbers adopted Islam en masse,
but almost immediately expelled the Caliphate from Algeria, establishing an Ibadi state under the Rustamids. Having converted the Kutama of Kabylie to its cause, the Shia Fatimids overthrew the Rustamids, and conquered Egypt. They left Algeria and Tunisia to their Zirid vassals; when the latter rebelled and adopted Sunnism, they sent in a populous Arab tribe, the Banu Hilal, to weaken them, thus incidentally initiating the Arabization of the countryside. The Almoravids and Almohads, Berber dynasties from the west founded by religious reformers, brought a period of relative peace and development; however, with the Almohads'
collapse, Algeria became a battleground for their three successor
states, the Algerian Zayyanids, Tunisian Hafsids, and Moroccan Merinids.In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Spain started attacking and taking over many coastal cities, prompting some to seek help from the Ottoman Empire.


Algeria was brought into the Ottoman Empire byKhair ad-Din and his brother Aruj, who established Algeria's modern boundaries in the north


The French invaded Algiers in 1830; however, intense resistance from such personalities as Emir Abdelkader .



Meanwhile, however, the French had made Algeria an integral part of France, a status that would end only with the collapse of the Fourth Republic. Tens of thousands of settlers from France, Italy, Spain, and Malta moved in to farm the Algerian coastal plain and occupy the most prized parts of Algeria's cities, benefiting from the French government's confiscation of communally held land.

People of European descent in Algeria (the so-called pieds-noirs),
Muslim Algerians remained outside of French law, and possessed neither French citizenship nor the right to vote.


In 1954, the National Liberation Front (FLN)
launched the Algerian War of Independence.They succeeded in pushing the French out in 1962.

Algeria's first president, the FLN leader
Ahmed Ben Bella then
Houari Boumédiènne in 1965. The country then enjoyed almost 25 years of relative stability under the one-party socialism of Boumedienne and his
successors.

In the 1990s, Algeria was engulfed in a
protracted and violent civil war after the military prevented an
Islamist political party, the Islamic Salvation Front from taking power .
More than 100,000 people were killed, often in unprovoked massacres of civilians by guerrilla groups such as the Armed Islamic Group.
Back to top Go down
http://02english.forumotion.com
 
ALGERIA
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» Lesson Plan : Back to Nature by Mrs. Kobzili Z.
» 1 A.M Lesson Preparation Sheet : File 01
» 3 A.M Lesson preparation sheet : FILE 04
» Algerian Bac Exam 2012 (Suggested Correct Answers)
» ethics in business

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
THE LEARNING CENTER :: MIDDLE SCHOOL :: ENGLISH :: MS2-
Jump to: